All posts by Cedric Verbelen

With a little delay, here are some of the winter publications of the CMMI…

Murine stroma adopts a human-like metabolic phenotype in the PDX model of colorectal cancer and liver metastases.
Blomme A, Van Simaeys G, Doumont G, Costanza B, Bellier J, Otaka Y, Sherer F, Lovinfosse P, Boutry S, Palacios AP, De Pauw E, Hirano T, Yokobori T, Hustinx R, Bellahcène A, Delvenne P, Detry O, Goldman S, Nishiyama M, Castronovo V, Turtoi A.
Oncogene. 2018 Mar;37(9):1237-1250. doi: 10.1038/s41388-017-0018-x. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Cancer research is increasingly dependent of patient-derived xenograft model (PDX). However, a major point of concern regarding the PDX model remains the replacement of the human stroma with murine counterpart. The present study investigates this issue in PDX models of colorectal cancer and liver metastasis, with an approach combining metabolomics (MALDI imaging) and the measurement of glucose uptake by in vivo PET. The data show for the first time that CRC/CRC-LM PDX model maintains the functional stability at the metabolic level despite the early replacement of the human stroma by murine cells. The findings demonstrate that human cancer cells actively educate murine stromal cells during PDX development to adopt the human-like phenotype.

01The inner-rod component of Shigella flexneri type 3 secretion system, MxiI, is involved in the transmission of the secretion activation signal by its interaction with MxiC.
El Hajjami N, Moussa S, Houssa J, Monteyne D, Perez-Morga D, Botteaux A.
Microbiologyopen. 2018 Feb;7(1). doi: 10.1002/mbo3.520. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Development of coated liposomes loaded with ghrelin for nose-to-brain delivery for the treatment of cachexia.
Salade L, Wauthoz N, Deleu M, Vermeersch M, De Vriese C, Amighi K, Goole J.
Int J Nanomedicine. 2017 Nov 28;12:8531-8543. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S147650. eCollection 2017.

A nanobody-based tracer targeting DPP6 for non-invasive imaging of human pancreatic endocrine cells.
Balhuizen A, Massa S, Mathijs I, Turatsinze JV, De Vos J, Demine S, Xavier C, Villate O, Millard I, Egrise D, Capito C, Scharfmann R, In’t Veld P, Marchetti P, Muyldermans S, Goldman S, Lahoutte T, Bouwens L, Eizirik DL, Devoogdt N.
Sci Rep. 2017 Nov 9;7(1):15130. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-15417-2.

Big success for our “CMMI meets industry” event on March 19, with about 90 participants. We are very happy with the positive feedback. Thanks to Biowin, the TTO, the AVRE, our sponsors Zeiss, Bruker and BioSPX, and congratulations to the entire CMMI team for their contributions !

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The CMMI will give a seminar to present its activities at the IRIBHM on April 12, at 13:00. You are working on the Erasme campus? Come and meet us !

The CMMI is happy to announce the publication of a study led by our colleagues of the Molecular Physiology of the Cell lab of the ULB.
Congratulations to Céline Barthelemy, Abdoulaye Oury BARRY and Bruno André as well as to our deputy director Laure Twyffels who contributed to the confocal fluorescence microscopy part.

The study explores the effect of the anticancer agent FTY720 on yeast and human cells. FTY720 was already known to “starve cancer cells to death” (10.1002/1873-3468.12121).  The present study better explains how: it shows that FTY720 reduces the activity of several plasma membrane amino acids permeases. This decreases the ability of cells to import amino acids, which, in turn, triggers a positive feed-back mechanism that leads to the endocytosis of these permeases via the inhibition of TORC1, and a further decrease in amino acid import capability.

news01

11A picture acquired at the CMMI is featured as the cover of Nature Microbiology this week. Congratulations to our electron microscopy team !

NobelPrizesThanks to the continued support of the Walloon Region and the ERDF, the CMMI will soon propose cryo-TEM services to its academic and industrial partners.

We are therefore very happy to share that the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017 was awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson “for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution”. We too find that it is a “super cool” technology (☺!)

https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2017/press.html